Etymology is fascinating. Words tell stories.
See some of the cognate words in different languages.
Ist/Ast (Persian) , as in Hanooz Dilli Door Ast...
Ahur (Persian). In many words "s" in Sanskrit becomes "h"
in Persian. eg: Sindhu/Hindu
Aryan,Ehre (German for Honour)
Insha (Persian) (as in Insha-Allah, God willing)
Jaat, ja (Sanskrit/Hindi) (as in Girija, son of mountain,
or Pankaj, borne out of Mud, Lotus)
Zada (Persian) (as in Shahzada or "son of king" or
literally "borne to a king" or "prince")
Centre (English), Kentron (Greek)
Medium (English)(Eg: air is the medium for Radio waves)
Matra (Sanskrit)(= Amount)
Meter (Greek/Latin), Measure (English)
Maadar (Persian) (As in, the famous North Indian swear word maadar-ch**)
Morte (Latin)(as in mortal, mortgage)
Nama (Persian) (as in Shahnama, the 11th century "book of kings")
Parth (Sanskrit) (as in Arjun's name in Mahabharata)
Parthian/Parth (Persian) (ancient Persian empire is known as Parthian empire)
Path (Sanskrit)(= way)
Sam (Sanskrit)(as in "samta")
Shoja/Shuja (Persian) (as in Shah Shuja, Mughal Prince)
Stan (Persian)(as in Afghanistan, Pakistan)
Station/stall (English) (as in station, install), Stone
Ber (Latin/Greek) (as in december)
Fida (Persian/Arabic)(as in Fidayeen)
Reza,Raza (Persian) (like the Shah of Iran, Reza Shah)
Urdu (Turkish) = Army of men, Army camp
Note: the language that was spoken by the Turkish armies in
the Indian subcontinent came to be known as "Urdu"
Horde (English) (as in "horde of men")
Myth (Greek/English) (as in Mythology)
Mithra/Mate (Persian) (as in Shah-k-Mate, king's friend)
Mate (= friend) (Latin/English)
Arora (English) (dawn)
Dharan (Sanskrit)("to hold", this is the same as
Bengali/Kashmiri surname "Dhar")
Darius (Persian) (to hold), Dario,
Daria (= holder of water, Lake/River)
Note: "Darius" is the Greek way of saying the Persian
name "Dara". in Asia, the word is said as "Dara".
One of Aurangzeb's brothers was Dara who was blinded and
killed by Aurangzeb.
Esther, Sitara (Persian)
Star, Install, Stationary (English)
Alma (Spanish for soul, also as in "alma mater")
Xsayathiya (Persian) (King) , "Shah" must have have been
derived from this.
Dahyaus ("Country" in Old Persian. This word can be found in Avestha)
Bumis (Old Persian)
Baga (Old Persian)
Gatha , Geet (Sanskrit)
Gatha's (Old Persian) (these are parts of the Avesta)
Nou (Persian, as in Nouroz festival)
(Nouroz literally means "new day", however it is used to mean new year.)
Young / Juva (Latin) (as in juvinate)
The word Firdaus has a very interesting etymology. The famous
saying about Kashmir goes:
gar firdaus, ruhe zamin ast
hamin ast, hamin ast, hamin ast
(if there is paradise on earth, it is here, it is here, it is here)
Please add to this list if you come across any other